Clinics Kidney Transplantation
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located toward the back of the body on either side of the spine near the waistline. They are about the size of a fist and are protected by other organs and two of the lower ribs. Normal functioning kidneys serve the body in several very important ways. They:
End-Stage Renal Disease
- Clean your blood and remove waste products.
- Balance water and salt to control fluid in the body.
- Control blood pressure.
- Help make red blood cells and strong bones.
- Control the amount of potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus in the blood.
End-stage renal disease is the name for kidney failure so advanced that it cannot be reversed. The kidneys in end-stage renal disease function so poorly that they can no longer keep you alive.
End-stage renal disease cannot be treated with conventional medical treatments such as drugs. Only 2 treatments allow you to continue living when your kidneys stop functioning: dialysis and kidney transplantation.
Renal Dialysis Unit:
Renal Dialysis: is the term for several different methods of artificially filtering the blood (Hemodialysis & peritoneal dialysis). People who require dialysis are kept alive but give up some degree of their freedom because of their dialysis schedule, fragile health, or both.
Renal dialysis unit at Ganzouri Specialized Hospital is equipped with 6 recent machines for renal dialysis with bicarbonate to fit the needs of the patient clinical state.
Kidney Transplantation Unit:
Kidney transplantation is not a complete cure, although many people who receive a kidney transplant are able to live much as they did before their kidneys failed. People who receive a transplant must take medication and be monitored by a physician who specializes in kidney disease (nephrologist) for the rest of their lives.
Why a Transplant Is Necessary:
A number of diseases can directly damage the kidney. Damage to the kidney can seriously affect the removal of water and waste products, production of red blood cells, regulation of blood pressure and balance of electrolytes such as potassium, calcium and phosphorus.
If the damage is severe enough, transplantation may be necessary. A transplant provides a patient with a kidney that can keep up with the demands of a full, active life.
Pre-transplant tests, gives a clear picture of the patient's overall health status, help in identifying potential problems before they occur. They also help in determining whether transplantation is truly the best option. This increases the likelihood of success.
The Following Procedures Help
In Evaluating a Patient's Health Status:
The Transplant Team:
- Physical exam
- Chest x-ray
- Complete medical and surgical history
- Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)
- Ultrasound with Doppler examination
- Blood tests
- Blood typing
- Pulmonary function test
- Upper gastrointestinal (GI) series
- Lower GI series
- Renal function studies
- Tissue typing
- Panel Reactive Antibody (PRA)
- Viral testing
- Pap smear from a woman's cervix
- Dental Evaluations
Each of the skilled health care professionals who make up the transplant team take a personal interest in answering a patient's questions and taking care of his medical needs. They will also help the patient keep his spirits up along the way.
The patient is the most important member of the transplant team. To a certain extent, all the other team members will respond to his cues. The patient's physical, emotional, and practical needs will help them shape a personalized pre-transplant and post transplant treatment program.
Preparing and Waiting For a Kidney Transplant:
- Transplant Physician (Nephrologists)
- Transplant Coordinator
- Floor or Staff Nurse
- Psychologist / Psychiatrist
- Social Worker
Days and weeks may pass while the transplant team waits for UNOS to locate the right kidney for a specific patient. During this time, the patient should prepare as much as possible and take positive steps to deal with the stresses of waiting, always staying focused on reaching the goal of transplant.
- The Telephone as a Lifeline
- Make a List and Pack Ahead of Time
- Getting to the Transplant Center
- Dealing with Pretransplant Stress